IB DP Language A Language and Literature – sample text analysis – Human Rights Watch report

Text: Extract from Human Rights Watch World Report 2014. Pg. 300.

Before analyzing the text make sure to have a look at the following page for a better understanding of how to use the text to help you with your assessments: https://language-literature.com/sample-text-analysis-blog-posts/

Extract from page 300:


Preparations for the end-2014 withdrawal of international combat troops continued in 2013, with international troops largely departed, sequestered in bases, and focused on the logistics of shipping military equipment out of the country. The Afghan army and police stepped forward to lead the fight against the Taliban and other insurgents, with mixed results.

The ability of Afghan security forces to hold government-held territory, let alone retake insurgent-controlled areas, is unclear, and security concerns for much of the population remain high. The United Nations recorded a 23 percent rise in civilian casualties for the first six months of 2013 compared to 2012, most caused by insurgents, with the Taliban explicitly targeting civilians they see as supporting the government. The security concerns are reflected in the fact that almost half of the 7,000 polling centers planned for the 2014 presidential elec- tion face serious threats.

There was continued instability and declining respect for human rights in the country over the past year. This was reflected in attacks on women’s rights, growing internal displacement and migration, and weakened efficacy of the Afghanistan Independent Human Rights Commission (AIHRC). Impunity for abuses was the norm for government security forces and other armed groups. These problems raised concerns about the fairness of the upcoming presidential election.”

Some elements of this text to consider:

  • FYI The whole report has different sections based on regions and countries. The extract above is the beginning of the Afghanistan section of the report (the whole Afghanistan section of the report is about five pages long).
  • The extract above is an overview of the military / political situation in Afghanistan as it has a huge effect on the human rights situation in the country.
  • The sentence structure in the extract is fairly complex. A number of sentences have multiple clauses and this complexity reflects the anticipated audience for the report.

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