IB DP Language A Language and Literature – Sample text analysis – editorial on education

Text:  Editorial: School funding system fundamentally unfair to many


Before you read the “spoiler” bullet points below take a careful look at the text. Imagine it is a text you are using for your DP Language A Language and Literature assessments: the individual oral, the HL essay, or Paper 1 and analyze it accordingly. (This text would not be appropriate for Paper 2).

Some elements of the text to consider:

  • The geographic limits to the intended audience
  • The goal(s) of the editorial
  • How formal the language is
  • The strong critical language in the text (e.g. “grossly unfair”)
  • Direct references to politicians involved in the situation
  • The use of dollar figures and comparison that support the editorial’s argument
  • The structure of the the text (including the structure of the ideas in the editorial, as well as paragraph and sentence structure

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